"A land without a people, for a people without a land"
+ Nostradamus wrote this quatrain:
Century III / Quatrain 97. Old French.
Nouuelle loy terre neuue occuper,
Vers la Syrie, Iudee & Palestine:
Le grand Empire Barbare corruer,
Auant que Phebés son siècle determine.
Century III / Quatrain 97 . Possible English traslation.
New law (1) to occupy the new land,(2)
Towards Syria, Judea & Palestine:
The great barbarian (3) empire to decay,
Before the Moon (4) completes it cycle.
|Ottoman Empire Flag, used beetwen 1844 and 1923.|
1- Related to the ZIONISM
2- related to the BALFOUR DECLARATION
3 and 4- Related to the OTTOMAN EMPIRE and their decadence political and military as an Empire to his end.
4 -Phebes: Phoebe, bright: epithet of Artemis, Diana in Roman mythology, the sister of Phoebus and goddess of the MOON . Female name of greek origin.
See the flag of Ottoman Empire,
+ This quatrain means that a new government will be developed in a new territorial limits within a decadent empire and very close to its disappearance or end of their life cycle. This decadent empire will be represented by the moon.
+ The historical circumstances suggest that it is the Ottoman Empire and the development of Zionist plans to create a new Israel.
During World War I (1914-1918), Turkey (a.k.a. Ottoman Empire) supported Germany. When Germany was defeated, so were the Turks. Control of the southern portion of their empire was "mandated" to France and Britain. The area under British supervision was referred to as "Palestine". Because no other peoples had ever established a national homeland here since the Jews had done it 3,000 years before, the British "looked favorably" upon the creation of a Jewish National Homeland throughout ALL of Palestine. The Jews had once again begun mass immigration into Palestine in the 1880's in an effort to rid the land of swamps and malaria. (There was never an attempt to "rid" the area of what few Arabs there were!) This encouraged an equally large immigration of Arabs from neighboring areas who were attracted by employment opportunities and healthier living conditions.
This is the story of the end of the Ottoman Empire and the origin of Israel.
THE ZIONIST STATE or ISRAEL
- Zionism is a movement founded by Theodor Herzl in 1896 whose goal is the return of Jews to Eretz Yisrael, or Zion,
the Jewish synonym for Jerusalem and the Land of Israel.
- The name of "Zionism" comes from the hill Zion, the hill on which the Temple of Jerusalem was site
- The early Zionists were well aware that Palestine was already occupied by Arabs, who had constituted the overwhelming majority (95% in 1880) of the population there for over a thousand years, but thought that they could only benefit from Jewish immigration. This attitude led to the opposition of the Arabs being ignored, or even to their presence being denied, as in Israel Zangwill's famous slogan "A land without a people, for a people without a land". Generally though, such myths were propaganda invented by leaders who didn't think of the Arabs as an obstacle as serious as the big empires. It was hoped that the wishes of the local Arabs could be simply bypassed by forging agreements with the Ottoman authorities, or with Arab rulers outside Palestine.
- One of the earlier Zionists to warn against
these ideas was Ahad Ha'am, who warned in his 1891 essay "Truth
from Eretz Israel" that in Palestine "it is hard to
find tillable land that is not already tilled", and moreover
From abroad we are accustomed to believing that the Arabs are
all desert savages, like donkeys, who neither see nor understand
what goes on around them. But this is a big mistake... The Arabs,
and especially those in the cities, understand our deeds and our
desires in Eretz Israel, but they keep quiet and pretend not to
understand, since they do not see our present activities as a
threat to their future... However, if the time comes when the
life of our people in Eretz Israel develops to the point of encroaching
upon the native population, they will not easily yield their place.
- Herzl hope was realised in 1917, when the British Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour, made his famous Declaration in favour of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Balfour was motived partly by philo-Semitic sentiment, partly by a desire to weaken the Ottoman Empire (an ally of Germany during the First World War), and partly by a desire to strengthen support for the Allied cause in the United States, home to the world's most influental Jewish community. In the Declaration, however, Balfour was careful to use the word "homeland" rather than "state", and also to specify that the establishment of a Jewish homeland must not "prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine."
WORLD WAR I:
THE BALFOUR DECLARATION AND DISMEMBERMENT OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE.
- During the nineteenth century, various territories of the Ottoman Empire began to achieve independence, mainly in Europe. Successive defeats in wars and the rise of nationalism within the territory can lead to decay of the empire. Your participation in the First World War and the emergence of revolutionary movements in Turkey would give the death blow.
|The flag with a seven-pointed star was the flag for "ocean-going vessels".|
- The empire under the leadership of Sultan was abolished on November 1, 1922, while the caliphate it was a year later. The Republic of Turkey was founded in its place, the October 23, 1923.
+ The Balfour Declaration is part of a series of promises and plans made by the United Kingdom over the years of World War I about the future of the Middle East. These plans and statements largely contradictory, were determined by the alliances stemming from military interests they evolved with the development of the race. Thus, the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 provided for the division of the entire region between France and Britain, with international sovereignty over a territory called Palestine, which is smaller than that then generally known by that name. A few months earlier, Husayn-McMahon Correspondence between the British high commissioner in Cairo and the Arab Revolt leader Husayn of Mecca, determined the creation of an independent Arab state on most Arabic-speaking territories of Asia, including Palestine. After the Balfour Declaration would be no new projects in the Middle East division.
Historical Progression of Zionism
+ History:18th century: The German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn initiates a Jewish secularism, which focused on Jewish national identity.
1862: The German Jew Moses Hess publishes the book Rome and Jerusalem where he called for a return of Jews to Palestine. He also said that Jews would never succeed by assimilating into European societies.
1881: Pogroms of Russia result in heavy emigration to USA. Some few Jews even emigrates to Palestine, as they are motivated by religious ideas of Palestine as Jewish homeland.
1893: Nathan Birnbaum introduces the term 'Zionism'.
1896: The Austrian Jew Theodor Herzl publishes the book The Jewish State, where he declares that the cure for anti-semitism was the establishment of a Jewish state. As he saw it, the best place to establish this state was in Palestine, but this geography was no precondition.
1897: The 1st Zionist Congress is held in Basel in Switzerland. 200 delegates participates. The Basel Program is formulated, which calls for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, where Jews could live safely under public law. The World Zionist organization is also established, and establishes its head quarters in Vienna, Austria.
1903: Britain offers an area of 15,500 km² in Uganda in Africa, an area of virgin land to the Jews of the world, where a Jewish homeland could be established.
1905: 7th Zionist Congress refuses Britain's Uganda proposal. Israel Zangwill forms the Jewish Territorial organization, which sought to find territory for a Jewish state, no matter where this would be. His organization got only few supporters. — After the Russian revolution is defeated, many young Jews emigrate from Russia.
1917: The Balfour Declaration, issued by the British foreign secretary, gives official British support to the work on establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1922: Britain gives The World Zionist organization the mandate to administer Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine. This immigration and settlement was funded by American Jews.
1939: The British 'White Paper' gives the Arabs of Palestine de facto control over Jewish immigration.
1942: A call is issued from Zionist leaders for the establishment of a Jewish state in all of western Palestine, when World War II ends.
1948 May 14: The State of Israel is founded. The World Zionist organization continues to back Jewish immigration to Israel.
1970s: The World Zionist organization puts its muscles into helping Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate to Israel.
1975 November 10: UN General Assembly passes Resolution 3379, in which Zionism is declared "racist", with 72 votes to 35 (32 abstentions).
1991 December 16: UN General Assembly revokes Resolution 3379, with 111 votes to 25 (13 abstentions).
"Zionism" by Tore Kjeilen, article in the Encyclopaedia of the Orient, Oslo, Norway. Last modified Aug. 22, 2004.
About the end of Israel, see:
BYE FROM SPAIN