THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND THE END OF THE DAILY SACRIFICES (Jerusalem/Rome)
+ The book implies that Daniel was its author in several passages, such as 9:2; 10:2. That Jesus concurred is clear from his reference to "the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel" (Mt 24:15;), quoting Daniel 9:27 ; 11:31; 12:11. The book was probably completed c. 530 b.c., shortly after Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, captured the city of Babylon in 539.
+ The widely held view that the book of Daniel is largely fictional rests mainly on the modern philosophical assumption that long-range predictive prophecy is impossible. .... Therefore all fulfilled predictions in Daniel, it is claimed, had to have been composed no earlier than the Maccabean period (second century b.c.), after the fulfillments had taken place.
The Book of the Prophet Daniel is written in a unique style–much like that of Revelation (Apocalypse), hence the name apocalyptic literature. This is a special kind of prophecy, which uses colorful imagery, allegory, and metaphor in an almost secret-code of sorts. Just as John wrote his Apocalypse during the reigns of Emperors Domitian, Nerva, and Trajan.
The book is made up primarily of historical narrative ( found mainly in chs. 1 - 6 ) and apocalyptic ("revelatory") material (found mainly in chs. 7 - 12).
Another people say this book is probably written during the vicious persecution of the Israelites by the Seleucid King Antiochus IV "Epiphanes" (Greek: “God Manifest”) also called Antiochus "Epimanes" (Greek: "the Mad") (born c. 215 bc—died 164, Tabae, Iran), Seleucid king of the Hellenistic Syrian kingdom who reigned from 175 to 164 bc. As a ruler he was best known for his encouragement of Greek culture and institutions. His attempts to suppress Judaism brought on the Wars of the Maccabees.....
THE DREAM OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR.
---7 Kingdoms but only one can remain FOREVER ---
29 As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy mind upon thy bed, what should come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall come to pass.
30 But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for any wisdom that I have more than any living, but for their sakes that shall make known the interpretation to the king, and that thou mightest know the thoughts of thy heart.
31 Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible.
32 This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.
34 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
|By liz hagler http://hookedonthebook.com/teaching-children-about-bible-miracles-god-reveals-to-daniel-the-kings-dream/|
35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
36 This is the dream; and we will tell the interpretation thereof before the king.
37 Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.
38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold.
39 And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
40 And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise.
41 And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.
42 And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.
43 And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.
44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
+ The dream of the statue depicts EIGHT kingdoms; SEVEN disappear when a stone breaking their feet. The stone represents a new kingdom that will grow and will not be destroyed.
+ The possible meaning is this....
GOLD +Neo-Babylonian empire
Daniel 2:38 ......you are the head of gold (To Nebuchadnezzar II )
Nebuchadnezzar II (c 634 – 562 BC) was king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC. He is credited with the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and for the destruction of the First Temple. He is featured in the Book of Daniel and is mentioned in several other books of the Bible.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire or the Chaldean Empire was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC
SILVER + First Persian empire or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 – 330 BC)
In 539 BC Cyrus invaded Babylonia. Cyrus now claimed to be the legitimate successor of the ancient Babylonian kings and the avenger of Bel-Marduk, who was assumed to be wrathful at the impiety of Nabonidus in removing the images of the local gods from their ancestral shrines, to his capital Babylon.
Previously, in 553 BC, Cyrus the Great, King of Persia, rebelled against his grandfather, the Mede King, Astyages son of Cyaxares; he finally won a decisive victory in 550 BC resulting in Astyages' capture by his own dissatisfied nobles, who promptly turned him over to the triumphant Cyrus.
After Cyrus's victory against Astyages, the Medes were subjected to their close kin, the Persians. In the new empire they retained a prominent position; in honor and war, they stood next to the Persians; their court ceremony was adopted by the new sovereigns, who in the summer months resided in Ecbatana; and many noble Medes were employed as officials, satraps and generals. Interestingly, at the beginning the Greek historians referred to the Achaemenid Empire as a Median empire.
|Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC: A's final defeat of Darius III|
Alexander the Great, who conquered Persia and most of the known world back in 330 BC. Alexander beat the Persian army three times, with the final showdown taking place at Gaugamela, in modern day Iraq.
BRASS + Kingdom of Macedon
Babylon remained a major city until Alexander the Great destroyed the Achaemenid Empire in 332 BC. Alexander the Great conquered the Achaemenid Empire in a short time and died young, leaving a partially Hellenized vast empire without an adult heir.
On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32. The empire was put under the authority of a regent in the person of Perdiccas and the territories were divided between Alexander's generals.
Dissension and rivalry soon afflicted the Macedonians, however. The satrapies handed out by Perdiccas at the Partition of Babylon became power bases each general used to bid for power. After the assassination of Perdiccas in 321 BC, Macedonian unity collapsed, and 40 years of war between "The Successors" (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world settled into four stable power blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, the Seleucid Empire in the east, the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor, and Macedon. In the process, both his son Alexander IV by Roxane being born after Alexander's death and Roxane were murdered.
After Alexander death, Babylon passed to Seleucus. He was a leading officer of Alexander the Great's League of Corinth and one of the Diadochi. Seleucus was nominated as the satrap of Babylon in 320 BC. Antigonus forced Seleucus to flee from Babylon, but, supported by Ptolemy, he was able to return in 312 BC.
|Seleucus I Nicator, (born c. 358 bc, Macedonia—died 281 bc Thracia)|
IRON The Seleucid Empire. (end 63 BC)
After Alexander the Great death, Babylon passed to the Seleucid Empire, and a new capital named Seleucia was built on the Tigris about 40 miles north of Babylon (10 miles south of Baghdad). Upon the founding of Seleucia, Seleucus I Nicator ordered the population of Babylon to be deported to Seleucia, and the old city fell into slow decline.
Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire. His kingdom would be one of the last holdouts of Alexander's former empire to Roman rule. They were only outlived by the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt by roughly 34 years.
By 100 BC, the once formidable Seleucid Empire encompassed little more than Antioch and some Syrian cities. Despite the clear collapse of their power, and the decline of their kingdom around them, nobles continued to play kingmakers on a regular basis, with occasional intervention from Ptolemaic Egypt and other outside powers.
After the Roman conquest of Pontus, the Romans became increasingly alarmed at the constant source of instability in Syria under the Seleucids. Once Mithridates was defeated by Pompey in 63 BC, Pompey set about the task of remaking the Hellenistic East, by creating new client kingdoms and establishing provinces. While client nations like Armenia and Judea were allowed to continue with some degree of autonomy under local kings, Pompey saw the Seleucids as too troublesome to continue; and doing away with both rival Seleucid princes, he made Syria into a Roman province.
|POMPEY THE GREAT 106 - 48 B.C.|
IRON & CLAY + Roman Republic and Empire/ Eastern & Western Roman Empire
In 63 BC, Pompey was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic, set about the task of remaking the Hellenistic East, by creating new client kingdoms and establishing provinces. While client nations like Armenia and Judea were allowed to continue with some degree of autonomy under local kings, Pompey saw the Seleucids as too troublesome to continue; and doing away with both rival Seleucid princes, he made Syria into a Roman province.
Roman society was hierarchical. The evolution of the Constitution of the Roman Republic was heavily influenced by the struggle between the patricians, Rome's land-holding aristocracy, who traced their ancestry back to the early history of the Roman kingdom, and the plebeians, the far more numerous citizen-commoners. Over time, the laws that gave patricians exclusive rights to Rome's highest offices were repealed or weakened, and leading plebeian families became full members of the aristocracy. The leaders of the Republic developed a strong tradition and morality requiring public service and patronage in peace and war, making military and political success inextricably linked.
The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia.The 500-year-old Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been destabilized through a series of civil wars.
The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace"). It reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan (98–117 AD). In the 3rd century, the Empire underwent a crisis that threatened its existence, but was reunified and stabilized under the emperors Aurelian and Diocletian.
Several events from the 4th to 6th centuries mark the transitional period during which the Roman Empire's east and west divided. In 285, the emperor Diocletian (r. 284–305) partitioned the Roman Empire's administration into eastern and western halves.
CHRISTIANS rose to power in the 4th century, during which time a system of dual rule was developed in the Latin West and Greek East. After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century (476) , the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine Empire (c. 395 - 1453).
+ Daniel 2: 42 And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.
|CLAY & IRON . Daniel 2:42 And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.|
STONE +Jesus, Christianity, Christendom & The Kingdom of God. (Year 0)
"And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.". King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.) Matthew 16:18
Christianity in the 4th century was dominated in its early stage by Constantine the Great and the First Council of Nicaea of 325, which was the beginning of the period of the First seven Ecumenical Councils (325–787), and in its late stage by the Edict of Thessalonica of 380, which made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire.
OPINION & SUMMARY
+ Usually the dream is related with FOUR or FIVE kingdoms but EIGHT:
1 Neo-Babylonian empire
2 First Persian empire or Achaemenid Empire
3 Macedon Kingdom
4 Seleucid Empire
5 -6 -7 Roman Republic and Empire/ Eastern & Western Roman Empire
+ The Medes and Persians are confused with each other, but if the stone is the Christendom, then there are EIGHT kingdoms.
+ Rome and its internal problems is the 5, 6 & 7 kingdom, and I refer to struggles between patricians and plebeians, republic and dictatorship, and the administrative division of the empire & the Byzantine Empire. If iron represents the Greek world, the unstable mixture with clay also represents the future Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine.
The Byzantine Empire was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), originally known as Byzantium.
This explains the bad relationship between clay and iron as Daniel wrote.
+ And if Daniel knew the Romans fate then the text is truly prophetic after all.
THE BOOK IS TRUE.
THE DREAM OF THE TREE
16 Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be given unto him; and let seven times pass over him.
+ Daniel revealed that the King’s dream of the great tree represented how great was Nebuchadnezzar and his kingdom. Daniel also revealed that the tree being cut down and being covered with dew and having grass grow up around it foretold that the King, because of his pride, would be removed as King and would go around like an animal for 7 years. After that the King would be restored.
+ This verse is interesting because the theme of the heart will be repeated in reverse (Dream of 4 beasts), and the mention of time (7 times = 7 years?).
He is the first beast of "the vision of the four beasts", I suppose..
THE DREAM OF THE FOUR BEASTS .... & the son of man
- 4 Beasts (kings) but only one (the son of man) can remain FOREVER--- again.
1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream, and told the sum of the matters.
2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.
3 And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.
4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.
6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.
8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.
9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.
13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
15 I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me.
16 I came near unto one of them that stood by, and asked him the truth of all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things.
17 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth.
18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.
19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet;
20 And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows.
21 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;
22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.
25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.
27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
28 Hitherto is the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.
+ 1rst Beast: Nebuchadnezzar by the change of heart, as in "the dream of the tree." (Look Daniel 4:16 & 4:34)
__If the lion has a human heart and wings have been torn the first beast is a good Beast / King.
+ 2nd Beast: Darius III, the Persian king, strong as a bear but also gluttonous and sleepyhead. The three ribs represent the Royal number. Compared to his ancestors and his fellow heirs who had since perished, Darius had a distinct lack of experience ruling an empire, and a lack of any previous ambition to do so. Darius was a ruler of entirely average stamp, without the striking talents and qualities which the administration of a vast empire required during that period of crisis.
+3rd Beast: Alexander the Great and his generals (still dependent on his body) fast and powerful as a leopard. "The Successors" (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world settled into FOUR stable power blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, the Seleucid Empire in the east, the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor, and Macedon.
+4 r Beast: Antiochus IV.
(The Horn remove the previous three horns = number 4 or IV)
__A number of historical critical scholars as well as Jewish and Christian commentaries view the Book of Daniel as being written during the time of Antiochus IV, with the prophetic visions describing him & his father Antiocus III. Antiochus IV is seen as the "little horn" of Daniel 7 and Daniel 8, the "prince who is to come" of Daniel 9, and the final "King of the North" of Daniel
__But what things mean then that the 10 / 11 horns?
__13 Kings. They are the list of the kings of the Seleucid empire under the name "Antiochus".
Antiochus V "Eupator". He was only nine years old when he succeeded to the kingship, following the death in Persia of his father Antiochus IV Epiphanes and his mother Laodice IV. The general Lysias, who had been left in charge of Syria by Epiphanes, served as regent for the child, although he was challenged by other generals. The Roman Senate still kept Demetrius, son of Seleucus IV and the rightful heir to the throne, as hostage, refusing to release him because they considered it better to have Syria nominally ruled by a boy and his regent than the 22-year-old Demetrius.
....But Demetrius escaped from Rome and was received in Syria as the true king. Antiochus Eupator was soon put to death together with his protector Lysias.
Antiochus VI "Dionysus" + He did not actually rule. Either already in 145 or in early 144 BC he was nominated by the general Diodotus Tryphon as heir to the throne in opposition to Demetrius II, and remained the general's tool. In c. 142/1 BC, the young king died. He was a child.
Antiochus XIII "Asiaticus". He was son of king Antiochus X Eusebes and the Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene I, who acted as regent for the boy after his father's death sometime between 92 and 85 BC. Some time after Tigranes had conquered Syria (83 BC), she traveled to Rome to have her sons recognized as kings of Egypt, but to no avail. They were there between at least between 75 BC and 73 BC; recognized as "Kings of Syria", and "maintained a royal state" . Selene was eventually captured and killed by Tigranes, but after the latter's defeat by Pompey, the residents of Antioch hailed Antiochus XIII as king, and Lucius Lucullus approved his appointment as client ruler of Syria (69 BC).
In 64 BC, Pompey had him deposed and he was killed by a Syrian chieftain named Sampsiceramus I. Antiochus' death is traditionally said to have ended the Seleucid dynasty, but he was survived by Philip II Philoromaeus for a short time (65-64).
+ Certainly, the number of kings with this name is 13. .... but two non reigned for being underage and they could not mature. Antiochus XIII also was merely a tool of Rome, so the number of kings can be reduced to 10 or 11.
+ The horn that expels three horns is the number of the king (3 +1 = 4 or IV).
+ This shows that the book of Daniel could not be written at the time of the Maccabees (164-63 BC) because Antiocus XII was killed in 64 BC.
And Finally THE NO BEAST (Daniel 7:13 & 7:14)
The son of man is Jesuschrist and the beginning of a new eternal kingdom:
+ THE CHRISTENDOM
Christendom,or the Christian world, has several meanings. In a cultural sense, it refers to the worldwide community of Christians, adherents of Christianity. In its historical sense, the term usually refers to the medieval and early modern period, during which the Christian world represented a geopolitical power juxtaposed with both paganism and especially the military threat of the Muslim world.
THE DREAM OF TWO RAMS
++++This is the story of the defeat of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great and the division of the empire by his successors and the son of one of the successors will be especially evil with the Jewish people and their temple +++
1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.
2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.
6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.
7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.
10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of the sanctuary was cast down.
12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.
16 And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.
17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.
18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.
19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.
20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.
27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.
+ Alexander the Great conquered the Achaemenid Empire in a short time and died young, leaving a partially Hellenized vast empire without an adult heir.
|ALEXANDER & THE HORN _Just as Alexander approached the oracle, he was greeted by the priests as "son of Amun", their usual form of address to new pharaohs. From this time on, like several Egyptian pharaohs, Alexander was pictured on monuments and coins with the ram-horn of Amun to publicise his position as son of the god and legitimate king. http://judithweingarten.blogspot.com.es/2010/08/uppity-queen-arsinoe-ii-part-ii.html|
After Alexander the Great dead dissension and rivalry soon afflicted the Macedonians. The satrapies handed out by Perdiccas at the Partition of Babylon became power bases each general used to bid for power. After the assassination of Perdiccas in 321 BC, Macedonian unity collapsed, and 40 years of war between "The Successors" (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world settled into FOUR stable power blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, the Seleucid Empire in the east, the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor, and Macedon. In the process, both his son Alexander IV by Roxane being born after Alexander's death and Roxane were murdered.
| 4 Empires of the succesors of Alexander the great.|
c. 198 bc. MAP FROM
The son of the horn is Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Seleucid king 175-164 B.C., favored Greek culture. His suppression of Judaism led to the Wars of the Maccabees. His often eccentric behavior and capricious actions led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play on his title Epiphanes.
Antiochus IV ruled the Jews from 175 to 164 BC. He is remembered as a major villain and persecutor in the Jewish traditions associated with Hanukkah, including the books of Maccabees and the "Scroll of Antiochus". Rabbinical sources refer to him as הרשע harasha ("the wicked"). Antiochus died suddenly of disease in 164 BC.
To consolidate his empire and strengthen his hold over the region, Antiochus decided to side with the Hellenized Jews by outlawing Jewish religious rites and traditions kept by observant Jews and by ordering the worship of Zeus as the supreme god (2 Maccabees 6:1–12). This was anathema to the Jews and when they refused, Antiochus sent an army to enforce his decree. Because of the resistance, the city was destroyed, many were slaughtered, and a military Greek citadel called the Acra was established.
A number of historical critical scholars as well as Jewish and Christian commentaries view the Book of Daniel as being written during the time of Antiochus IV, with the prophetic visions describing him. Antiochus is seen as the "little horn" of Daniel 7 and Daniel 8, the "prince who is to come" of Daniel 9, and the final "King of the North" of Daniel 11.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great # Death_and_succession
70 & 70 & 70 AC .
OMEN ABOUT JERUSALEM & THE MESSIAH
+++ Reconstruction of the city and First Jewish Roman War+++
2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
...................................... (PRAYER) ...............................................
21 Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.
22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.
23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times
26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the Sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
70 years of Jeremiah.
+ We find in Jeremiah two types of prophecies, a reference to the return that would result from exile in Babylon, which even predicts its duration, 70 years.
Chapter Jer 25:11
"This whole land will be a desolation and a horror, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years."
Chapter Jer 29:10
"For thus says the LORD, 'When seventy years have been completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill My good word to you, to bring you back to this place".
.... And others refer to the return in the last days, not only of Judah but of all Israel, as the cap. 3:17-18 "At that time they shall call Jerusalem:" Throne of the Lord "and all nations gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord, and no longer will they follow the stubbornness of their heart. In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together from the land of the north to the land I gave your fathers as an inheritance. "
+ When the Egyptians were defeated by the Babylonians at Carchemish in c. 605 BC, Jehoiakim, king of Judah, changed allegiances, paying tribute to Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon.
__After three years, with the Egyptians and Babylonians still at war, he switched back to the Egyptians and ceased paying the tribute to Babylon. In 599 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II invaded Judah and laid siege to Jerusalem. In 598 BC, Jehoiakim died and his body was thrown out of the walls. He was succeeded by his son Jeconiah (also known as Jehoiachin). Jerusalem fell within three months. Jeconiah was deposed by Nebuchadnezzar, who installed Zedekiah, Jehoiakim's younger brother, in his place. Jeconiah, his household, and many of the elite and craftsmen of Judah were exiled to Babylon.
__The first Temple was destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II in 586. C., which also led captive a large part of the inhabitants of the Kingdom of Judah toward Chaldean land.
__The forced exile ended in c. 538 0r 537 BCE after the fall of Babylon to the Persian king Cyrus the Great, who gave the Jews permission to return to Yehud province and to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem.
__The captivity and subsequent return to Judea, and the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem are considered significant events in Jewish history and culture, which had a far-reaching impact on the development of Judaism.
__In the spring of 516. C. the second temple was ready for consecration, over twenty years after the return from captivity. The temple was completed on the third day of the month Adar, in the sixth year of the reign of Darius (Ezra 6:15).
*Babilonian rule over Judah or exile 609/7/5 - 539/8/7 = 70.
Rebuilding Jerusalem Temple 586/5 - 516/5 = 70.
*The exact date varies according to the historian, an example look at this page: http://www.gotquestions.org/Babylonian-captivity-exile.html
___So, the dates are approximate.
70 weeks of Daniel
But Daniel wrote 70 weeks (The Hebrew word "shebha" used to designate "week" means "seven" and can be used both for days or for years).
So, Gabriel tells to Daniel that 490 years "are determined upon thy people (Israel) and upon thy holy city (Jerusalem)"
Gabriel distributes the time this way:
7 weeks & 62 weeks
+ Order to restore Jerusalem.
+ Reconstruction in times of trouble and finally the Messiah will die, an enemy boss ordered to attack the city, death and destruction everywhere.
+ First: The Order:
__In Artaxerxes' 20th year (444 BC, perhaps), Nehemiah, the king's cupbearer, apparently was also a friend of the king as in that year Artaxerxes inquired after Nehemiah's sadness. Nehemiah related to him the plight of the Jewish people and that the city of Jerusalem was undefended. The king sent Nehemiah to Jerusalem with letters of safe passage to the governors in Trans-Euphrates, and to Asaph, keeper of the royal forests, to make beams for the citadel by the Temple and to rebuild the city walls.
In theory, the book of Nehemiah covers 445-433 BC but Elephantine papyri, mentioning Sanballat (Nehemiah 2:19) and Johanan (Nehemiah 6:18), informs us that Nehemiah longer governor of Judah before 408 BC.
He then took measures to repopulate the city and purify the Jewish community, enforcing the cancellation of debt, assisting Ezra to promulgate the law of Moses, and enforcing the divorce of Jewish men from their non-Jewish wives.
After 12 years as governor (446 - 434 BC, perhaps), during which he ruled with justice and righteousness, he returned to the king in Susa. After some time in Susa he returned to Jerusalem, only to find that the people had fallen back into their evil ways. Non-Jews were permitted to conduct business inside Jerusalem on the Sabbath and to keep rooms in the Temple. Greatly angered, he purified the Temple and the priests and Levites and enforced the observance of the law of Moses.
+ I do not know if the dates are correct but if Titus destroyed Jerusalem in the year 70 after Christ, the countdown (-490) gives the year of 420 BC for the order of the king (or governor) to rebuild Jerusalem and the appointment of a Jew as ruler (Messiah prince) .
+ Second: Jerusalem/Israel in trouble:
__When Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, Jerusalem and Judea came under Macedonian control, eventually falling to the Ptolemaic dynasty under Ptolemy I. In 198 BC, Ptolemy V lost Jerusalem and Judea to the Seleucids under Antiochus III. The Seleucid attempt to recast Jerusalem as a Hellenized city-state came to a head in 168 BC with the successful Maccabean revolt of Mattathias and his five sons against Antiochus Epiphanes, and their establishment of the Hasmonean Kingdom in 152 BC with Jerusalem again as its capital.
In 63 BC, Pompey the Great intervened in a Hasmonean struggle for the throne and captured Jerusalem, extending the influence of the Roman Republic over Judea. Following a short invasion by Parthians, backing the rival Hasmonean rulers, Judea became a scene of struggle between pro-Roman and pro-Parthian forces, eventually leading to the emergence of Edomite Herod, who would be appointed King of the Jews by the Roman senate and establish the Herodian dynasty.
In 66, there was a Jewish revolt in Judea stemming from Greek and Jewish religious tension. In 67, Nero dispatched Vespasian to restore order. This revolt was eventually put down in 70, after Nero's death. This revolt is famous for Romans breaching the walls of Jerusalem and destroying the Second Temple of Jerusalem.
+So end of the sacrifices, and the death of who ordered this devastation.
__The temple was destroyed by the Romans during the Siege of Jerusalem in 66 - 70 AC. Facing assassination, Nero committed suicide on 9 June 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so) His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors.
The conquest of Jerusalem in 70 AC. was a decisive event in the First Jewish - Roman War. It was followed by the fall of Masada in 73.
+Again the dates are approximate.
+ And so the prophecy was fulfilled. ...... My bet: c. 420 BC to 70 Ac = 490 years.
+ Order for Rebuilding Jerusalem: around 420 BC.
Artaxerxes I ( 465 -424 BC) + Nehemiah (cup bearer & governor)
+Time of Troubles /Innocent Messiah death (Jesuschrist death 33 AC) + Jewish revolt (66AC )
49 + 434 =489 years.
+ Roman attack & siege Temple besieged & destroyed (66 - 70)/ Roman Emperor (Ner0) death (c. 69 AC)/Year of the Four Emperors/ Fall of Massada (73 AC).
END & THE LAST PROPHECY
__Again the story of the defeat of the Persian Empire and the division of the empire of Alexander the Great in four powerful Hellenistic empires, the struggle between Egypt (south) and the Seleucid Empire (Nord) but now add a mention to the last days (perhaps Rome without daily sacrifices to God) .
1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
12 Then said he unto me, " Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
14 Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days."
2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Yavan (Grecia).
3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
5 And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.
6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.
7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north.
9 So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.
10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.
11 And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.
12 And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it.
13 For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches.
14 And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall.
15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand.
16 But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed.
17 He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him.
18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him.
19 Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.
20 Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.
22 And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.
24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.
25 And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.
26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.
27 And both of these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.
28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land.
29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.
30 For the ships of Chittim (Rome) shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.
31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the Sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.
33 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.
34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.
35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.
36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.
38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.
40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
41 He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.
42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.
43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.
44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.
45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
5 Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood other two, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river.
6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?
7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.
8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things?
9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.
10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.
11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.
1rst+ I mentioned earlier the struggles between the successors of Alexander the Great and the wickedness of Antiochus IV who wanted to ban the Jewish religion. Now it is necessary to mention the time of Michael.
__Michael, It seems that he must protect the Jews for a period of time much harder than the previous ...... (destruction of the temple, wars between the Romans and Jews, Muslim invasion, religious persecution, the Holocaust, Israeli Arab wars) .......until disappearance of the wicked who oppress the holy people and the righteous people to shine (something like the apocalypse).
And the kingdom of God will not be defeated.
2nd+ 2 "Time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away and the abomination that maketh desolate set up" Dan 11 :31 & Dan 12 :11.
*1rst Time:Dan 11 :31
+ Jerusalem & Antioc IV because he organized an expedition against Jerusalem, which sacked. According to the Book of Maccabees, enacted several ordinances of religious type: tried to suppress the worship of Yahweh, Judaism forbade suspending all kinds of religious expression, commanded to eat foods considered unclean and tried to establish the worship of the Greek gods.
*2nd Time: Dan 12 :11.
+ Is Rome because the Sanctuary was destroyed in 70 AC (the last week of 70) and has not been rebuilt. Logically the Temple should be that of St. Peter in Rome. The temple will be liberated 1209 days after its conquest by the enemy but better to wait 1335 days.
+ It seems that all the visions are related like a Russian doll or "Matryoshka"
|Like a "Matrioska" |
And the kingdom of God will not be defeated.
POSTS RELATED, perhaps:
Century X - Quatrain 65. Old French:
O vaste Rome ta ruyne s'approche,
Non de tes murs, de ton sang & substance:
L'aspre par lettres fera si horrible coche,
Fer poinctu mis à tous iusques au manche.
Century X - Quatrain 65. Possible English Traslation:
O vast Rome, thy ruin approaches,
Not of thy walls, of thy blood and substance:
The one harsh in letters will make a very horrible notch,
Pointed steel driven into all up to the hilt.
Goodbye from Spain
a. m. D. g.
Barcelona July 30 , 2013