Century X Quatrain 91. Old French:
Clergé Romain l'an mil six cens & neuf,
Au chef de l'an fera élection
D'vn gris & noir de la Compagne yssu,
Qui onc ne fut si maling.
Century X Quatrain 91. Possible English Traslation:
Roman clergy in the year 1609,
At the leader of the year will hold election:
Of one gray and black issued from the Companion,
Who never he was not so wicked.
A MISTAKE OR BEATIFICATION? EVIL OR REFORMER?
+ Another remarkable prediction of Nostradamus was his prediction about the Roman clergy. He predicted that they would hold an election in 1609 but people think that.......
-A Pope is Elected but .....Pope Paul V was elected in 1605 (yes, another calendar switch problem)
-"Chef of the year..." is an astrological date.
- "Maling" means "Evil"
- "Companion" is "Campania", a region in southern Italy that would produce the most evil man of all .....Black and Gray?
BUT Never heard of him?
What really happened in the Roman Church in 1609?
What leader (chef) was chosen?
Never heard of him? Alas, your education is lacking (see Wikipedia articles)!
What is the meaning of the word "Maling" in French?
+ IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA was chosen, the leader of the Society of Jesus was BEATIFIED. Ignatius emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation. Loyola's devotion to the Catholic Church was characterized by absolute obedience to the Pope.
He became fired with an ambition to lead a life of self-denying labour and to emulate the heroic deeds of Francis of Assisi and other great monastics. He resolved to devote himself to the conversion of non-Christians in the Holy Land. In 1523, he instituted a pilgrimage to the Holy Land on a path of self-denial and sacrifice.
Finally, Loyola reached the Holy Land to settle there, but was sent back to Europe by the Franciscans (greyfriars) and then he founded the Company of Jesus (Blackrobes).
In 1539, they formed the Society of Jesus, approved in 1540 by Pope Paul III, as well as his Spiritual Exercises approved in 1548. Ignatius Loyola wrote Spiritual Exercises, a simple 200-page set of meditations, prayers, and various other mental exercises, from 1522 to 1524. The exercises of the book were designed to be carried out over a period of 28–30 days. Loyola also composed the Constitutions of the Society of Jesus.
"MALING" in french means:
Qui témoigne d'une intelligence malicieuse, plus ou moins rusée : Un sourire malin.
Indicating a malicious intelligence, more or less tricky: A sly smile.
Qui témoigne d'astuce, d'ingéniosité, de perspicacité : Sa réponse était très maligne.
Reflecting trick, ingenuity, insight: His answer was very clever.
IGNATIUS of LOYOLA was very clever and his work indicating a malicious intelligence or a Machiavellian behavior.
|Who is the Person of the Year 1609 chosen by the Roman Clergyaccording Nostradamus? IGNATIUS of LOYOLA|
A__ THE MEN
+ PAUL V (1605-1621) & "THE WICKED OR REFORMER PEOPLE"
St. Malachy's prophecies refer to the pope as "Perverse Gens" (The reformer, evil or wrong people), quotation apparently refers to that during his reign he had to deal with Bohemian heresy. Another reading suggests that the prophecy refers to the coat of arms of Pope included a dragon and an eagle, animals considered perverse to popular belief.
When Pope Leo XI died, 1605, Cardinal Borghese became Pope over a number of candidates including Caesar Baronius and Roberto Cardinal Bellarmine; his neutrality in the factional times made him an ideal compromise candidate. In character he was very stern and unyielding, a lawyer rather than diplomat, who defended the privileges of the Church to his utmost. His first act was to send home to their sees the bishops who were sojourning in Rome, for the Council of Trent had insisted that every bishop reside in his diocese.
Soon after his accession as Pope Paul V, Borghese determined to humiliate Venice, as his predecessor had done, for attempting to preserve its independence from the papacy in the administration of its government. The Most Serene Republic of Venice refused to retract the laws, but asserted that Venice would conduct herself "with her accustomed piety." The Jesuits, which Venice considered subversive Papal agents, remained banned. No more could be expected. Paul withdrew his censure.
He canonised Charles Borromeo and Frances of Rome. He beatified a number of individuals, including Ignatius Loyola (Jesuit, 1609), Philip Neri , Theresa of Avila, and Francis Xavier (Jesuit, 1619).
+ IGNATIUS of LOYOLA (1491 - 1556) & THE BEATIFICATION
Ignatius was beatified by Pope Paul V on July 27, 1609
BEATIFICATION (from Latin beatus, "blessed") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name (intercession of saints). Beatification is the third of the four steps in the canonization process. A person who is beatified is in English given the title "Blessed".
Ignatius was canonized by Pope Gregory XV on March 12, 1622. His feast day is celebrated annually on July 31, the day he died. Saint Ignatius is venerated as the patron saint of Catholic soldiers, the Military Ordinariate of the Philippines, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore, the Basque country and various towns and cities in his native region.
Ignatius has - to this day - a powerful and respectable legacy. Of the institutions dedicated to Saint Ignatius, one of the most famous is the Basilica of St Ignatius Loyola, built next to the house where he was born in Azpeitia, the Basque Country, Spain. The house itself, now a museum, is incorporated into the basilica complex. In addition, he has had a big international impact, having been the influence numerous Jesuit schools and educational institutions worldwide.
The Pope Francis is the first Jesuit Pope. He is the 266th and current Pope of the Catholic Church, in which capacity he is Bishop of Rome and absolute Sovereign of the Vatican City State.
|Ignatius wrote the Jesuit Constitutions, adopted in 1554, which created a monarchical organization and stressed absolute self-abnegation and obedience to pope and superiors (perinde ac [si] cadaver [essent], "[well-disciplined] like a corpse" as Ignatius put it). His main principle became the Jesuit motto: Ad maiorem Dei gloriam ("for the greater glory of God").|
THE SOCIETY OF JESUS. CONTROVERSIES.
The order grew out of the activity of Ignatius, a Spanish soldier who experienced a religious conversion during a period of convalescence from a wound received in battle. After a period of intense prayer, he composed the Spiritual Exercises, a guidebook to convert the heart and mind to a closer following of Jesus Christ.
Together with Francis Xavier and five others, Ignatius founded the Society of Jesus: on 15 August 1534, in a small chapel in Montmartre, they made vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and also vowed to convert the Muslims in the Middle East (or, failing this, carry out the wishes of the Pope). Francis went, with the rest of the members of the newly papal-approved Jesuit order, to Venice to be ordained to the priesthood, which took place on 24 June 1537. These initial steps led to the founding of what would be called the Society of Jesus later in 1540. The term societas in Latin is derived from socius, a partner or comrade.
They called themselves the Company of Jesus, and also Amigos en El Señor or "Friends in the Lord", because they felt "they were placed together by Christ". The name had echoes of the military (as in an infantry "company"), as well as of discipleship (the "companions" of Jesus). The word "company" comes ultimately from Latin, cum + pane = "with bread", or a group that shares meals.
Because of the military background of Ignatius and the members' willingness to accept orders anywhere in the world and to live in extreme conditions where required, the opening lines of this founding document would declare that the Society of Jesus was founded for "whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God" (Spanish: "todo el que quiera militar para Dios"), "to strive especially for the defense and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine." Therefore Jesuits are sometimes referred to colloquially as "God's Soldiers" or "God's Marines".
As a result, in spite of their loyalty, Ignatius and his successors often tangled with the pope and the Roman Curia. Over the 450 years since its founding, the Society has been called the papal "elite troops" and been forced into suppression.
The Jesuits have always been a controversial group, regarded by some as a society to be feared and condemned and by others as the most laudable and esteemed religious order in the Roman Catholic Church:
1_The "Casuistic" justification:
Jesuits have been accused of using casuistry to obtain justifications for unjustifiable actions. (cf. formulary controversy and Lettres Provinciales, by Blaise Pascal). Hence, the Concise Oxford Dictionary of the English language, records “equivocating” as a secondary denotation of the word “Jesuit”. Contemporary critics of the Society of Jesus include Jack Chick, Avro Manhattan, Alberto Rivera, and Malachi Martin, author of The Jesuits: The Society of Jesus and the Betrayal of the Roman Catholic Church (1987)
2_The Political intrigue
In England, Henry Garnet, one of the leading English Jesuits, was hanged for misprision of treason, because of his knowledge of the Gunpowder Plot (1605). The Plot was the attempted assassination of King James I of England and VI of Scotland, his family, and most of the Protestant aristocracy in a single attack, by exploding the Houses of Parliament. Another Jesuit, Oswald Tesimond, managed to escape arrest for his involvement in the Gunpowder Plot
Republics and Monarchies in many European states grew progressively wary of what they saw as undue interference from a foreign entity. The expulsion of Jesuits from their states had the added benefit of allowing governments to impound the Society's accumulated wealth and possessions.
By the mid-18th century, the Society had acquired a reputation in Europe for political maneuvering and economic exploitation. The Jesuits were regarded by their opponents as greedy plotters, prone to meddle in state affairs through their close ties with influential members of the royal court in order to further the special interests of their order and the Papacy.
The Jesuits had been expelled from Brazil (1754), Portugal (1759), France (1764), Austria, Spain and its colonies (1767) and Parma (1768). The pressure kept building up to the point that Catholic countries were threatening to break away from the Church. Clement XIV ultimately yielded "in the name of peace of the Church and to avoid a secession in Europe" and suppressed the Society of Jesus by the brief Dominus ac Redemptor of the 21 July 1773 for a time. However in non-Catholic nations, particularly in Prussia and Russia, where papal authority was not recognized, the order was ignored.
1814 Pope Pius VII resolve to restore the Jesuits universally.
3_The Power-seeking or Propaganda.
The "Monita Secreta" (Secret Instructions of the Jesuits), published in 1612 and in 1614, in Kraków, is alternately alleged to have been written either by Claudio Acquaviva, the fifth general of the society, or written by Jerome Zahorowski. The purported Secret Instructions of the Jesuits are the methods to be adopted by the Jesuits for the acquisition of greater power and influence for the Society and for the Roman Catholic Church.
The Catholic Encyclopedia states the book is a forgery, fabricated to ascribe a sinister reputation to Society of Jesus
Within the Roman Catholic Church, there has existed a sometimes tense relationship between Jesuits and the Holy See due to questioning of official Church teaching and papal directives, such as those on abortion, birth control, women deacons,homosexuality, and liberation theology.
C__ BLACK & GRAY
Why were Jesuits called "Blackrobes"? Jesuits wore a black robe called a cassock that was bound together at the waist by a cincture (belt). For the most part, Jesuits today wear a black shirt with a Roman collar rather than a cassock.
IGNATIUS became fired with an ambition to lead a life of self-denying labour and to emulate the heroic deeds of Francis of Assisi and other great monastics. The Franciscans' practice of wearing grey habits.
Once he arrived in the Holy Land he wanted to remain, but was told by the Franciscan superior who had authority over Catholics there that the situation was too dangerous. (Remember, the Turks were the rulers of the Holy Land.) The superior ordered Ignatius to leave. Ignatius refused but when threatened with excommunication , he obediently departed.
+ For all these reasons, the correct interpretation of the quatrain is:
Century X - Cuatrain 91
In 1609 the Roman clergy elect a leader as the man of the year.
He is a member of the Society of Jesus and is related with the black and gray robe.
There will be no one like him
There will be no more cunning as he (crafty and shrewd, esp in deception; sly)
+ For all these reasons, the correct interpretation of the 79 short, cryptic phrase in Latin of the Prophecy of the Popes, to Pope Paul V, "Gens Perversa" is related to the Company of Jesus.
This is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church to Ignatius of Loyola work: The beatification, a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name (intercession of saints).
The triumph of the Company of Jesus.
About the Latin Word "Perversa" http://archives.nd.edu/ppp.htm
+ perverto perverti perversum : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.
Thus "Gens Perversa" is "The reformer people"
..... because the Jesuits were founded just before the Counter-Reformation (or at least before the date those historians with a classical view of the counter reformation hold to be the beginning of the Counter-Reformation), a movement whose purpose was to reform the Catholic Church from within and to counter the Protestant Reformers, whose teachings were spreading throughout Catholic Europe.
Ignatius and the early Jesuits did recognize, though, that the hierarchical Church was in dire need of reform. Some of their greatest struggles were against corruption, venality, and spiritual lassitude within the Catholic Church. Ignatius's insistence on an extremely high level of academic preparation for ministry, for instance, was a deliberate response to the relatively poor education of much of the clergy of his time.
It is believed that as a response to the varying Protestant reformations against the Catholic Church, Pope Paul III gave formal approval to St. Ignatius of Loyola to lead this order. This order was the most influential, intellectual Counter Reformation by the Catholic Church.
Ignatius is known to have written: " I will believe that the white that I see is black if the hierarchical Church so defines it."
More read: http://www.justforcatholics.org/a121.htm
01 SPAIN & THE VISION OF A NUN BEDRIDDEN
Barcelona April 15. 2014
Future addenda et corrigenda in PINK