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domingo, 2 de marzo de 2014

H_02: 1727 + OCTOBER (C3 / Q77)

THE OTTOMAN-AFGHAN WAR OF 1722-1727 & NOSTRADAMUS 
( Yes, this happened as he predicted )

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Once upon a time he wrote:
 

Century 3  Quatrain  77. Old french.
Le tiers climat sous Aries comprins,(1)
L'an mil sept cens vingt & sept en Octobre:(2)
Le Roy de Perse par ceus d'Egypte(3) prins:
Conflit, mort, perte, à la croix grand opprobre.(4)


Century 3  Quatrain 77.  Possible Englihs Traslation:
The third climate included under Aries,(1)
The year seventeen hundred and seven and twenty (1727)  in October:(2)
The King of Persia by those of Egypt taken (3);
Conflict, death, loss, to the cross great shame.(4)

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INFO  1     Searching ARIES........

INFO  2  (according to Wikipedia)

2 +  1727 & OCTOBER?
_The Ottoman–Afghan War of 1722–1727 were a series of conflicts fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Afghan Hotaki dynasty of Persia, over control of all western and northwestern parts of Iran.

The Afghan victory over a greatly superior military opponent was largely due to infiltration of the Ottoman ranks by agents provocateurs who emphasized the common Sunni faith of the Turks and the Afghans, deplored the fratricidal war between them, and advocated alliance against their common enemies, the heretical Persians; this adroit tactic sapped the morale of the Turkish troops and procured the defection of the Kurdish cavalry. Preferring not to push onward, Ashraf opened negotiations which led to the signature of a peace treaty in October, 1727 (Treaty of Hamedan). This confirmed Ottoman sovereignty over all the western and northwestern parts of Iran and, in return for Ashraf’s abandonment of his territorial claims, gave him official recognition as Shah of Persia with rights of minting coins and sending annual pilgrimage caravans to Mecca.

The great majority of Iranians still rejected the Afghan regime as usurping. The resultant wave of internal revolts caused countrywide insecurity and exhausted the strength of the Isfahan-based central government. That paved way for the rise of Nader Shah and subsequently the continued wars of the Persian Empire with Ottoman Empire.

Nader Shah seized control of the Persian empire to make a power base, and invaded India several times. He and the Ottoman Empire would fight another war a few years later, the Afsharid–Ottoman War (1743–46), which ended in a stalemate. On his death, however, the Ottomans attacked the territory he had expanded, most frequently the Caucasus, which they used as a base to wage war against the Russian Empire.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Persian_War_%281722%E2%80%9327%29 







http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e5/Territorial_changes_of_the_Ottoman_Empire_1739.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE circa 1739
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e5/Territorial_changes_of_the_Ottoman_Empire_1739.jpg


INFO by another sources:

Between 1723 and 1730, the Ottomans were able to control South Caucasus by capturing Erivan and Ganjeh in addition to Tbilisi. In the southern fronts (i.e., West Iran), Ottomans captured Tabriz, Urmia, Kermanshah and Hamedan. But after Tahmasp 2nd of Safavid Empire began controlling Iran, Ottoman advance was checked. Both sides were tired enough to end the war. Ahmad Pasha (Ottoman side) and Mohammad Reza Gholi (Persian side) signed the treaty.

The terms of the treaty were:
Ottoman Empire kept its gains in Caucasus,
Ottoman gains in West Iran were conceded to Persia, and
Aras River became the new border line in South Caucasus.


The treaty proved to be an armistice rather than a permanent treaty. Because, neither Ottoman sultan Mahmoud I approved the loss of Tabriz, nor Nader Shah, then the commander in chief of the Persian army, accepted Iranian losses in Caucasus. During Nader Shah’s reign, Afshar Dynasty was able to regain its losses.

http://www.fouman.com/Y/Get_Iranian_History_Today.php?artid=1186

Mahmud began a reign of terror against his Persian subjects and was eventually murdered in 1725 by his cousin, Ashraf Hotaki. Some sources say he died of madness. Ashraf became the new Afghan Shah of Persia soon after Mahmud's death, while the home region of Afghanistan was ruled by Mahmud's younger brother Shah Hussain Hotaki. Ashraf was able to secure peace with the Ottoman Empire in 1727, but the Russian Empire took advantage of the political unrest in Persia to seize land for themselves, limiting the amount of territory under Shah Mahmud's control.
http://www.aapa.org.au/en/index.php/component/k2/item/118

Hamedan
The city of Hamedan which was always assaulted by the rise and fall of powers, was completely destroyed during the Timurid invasion. During the Safavid era the city thrived. Thereafter, in the year 1138 AH., Hamedan surrendered to the Ottomans, but due to the courage and chivalry of Nader Shah Afshar, Hamedan was cleared off the invaders and according to the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans , it was returned to Iran. The city of Hamedan lay on the ‘Silk Road’ and even in the last centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of the country.
http://touranzamin.com/en/?page_id=1201




 

INFO 3  "those of Egypt" are THE MAMELUKES

3+ Mameluke
1 A member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811

2 ..... (in Muslim countries) a slave

3_ As a disciplined caste of soldiers and administrators, the Mamelukes are of use to the Ottoman sultans in the administration of middle eastern regions. By the 18th century they have recovered so much power in Egypt that they are beyond the control of the Ottoman governors of the province. And from 1749 Baghdad is officially ruled by Mamelukes as a province within the empire.

Mamelukes
Mamelukes -- Three fearsome Turkish warriors, led by a Mameluke Bey, charge at the full gallop against the French in Egypt in 1798.  Napoleon was so impressed with their fighting qualities that they were subsequently enlisted in the Imperial Guard.  This is a rare grouping made in 1996 by Trophy of Wales.
Dramatic and colorful!  Mint, in original boxes.  $345

http://beta.asoundstrategy.com/poconob2bwebsites/site259/index.cfm?siteid=259&itemcategory=32012&priorId=31845&ProductId=24742


Sources:
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Mameluke
http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ac85#ixzz2ukxDeMro
http://mamluk.uchicago.edu/
http://costumeanduniforms.wordpress.com/2011/05/07/mamelukes/

Egyptian society under Ottoman rule, 1517-1798
http://books.google.es/books?hl=es&lr=&id=vGuIAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Ottoman%E2%80%93+egypt+1727&ots=zHiYa6eu6k&sig=E5Cgr8GWJMqjQUsrhJOlpZKxSgU#v=onepage&q=Ottoman%E2%80%93%20egypt%201727&f=false
 
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INFO 4  THE CROSS (the Russian Empire)

Nader Shah seized control of the Persian empire to make a power base, and invaded India several times. He and the Ottoman Empire would fight another war a few years later, the Afsharid–Ottoman War (1743–46), which ended in a stalemate. On his death, however, the Ottomans attacked the territory he had expanded, most frequently the Caucasus, which they used as a base to wage war against the Russian Empire.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Persian_War_%281722%E2%80%9327%29


The Russian Empire's state religion was Russian Orthodox Christianity. Its head was the tsar, who held the title of supreme defender of the Church. Although he made and annulled all appointments, he did not determine the questions of dogma or church teaching. The principal ecclesiastical authority was the Holy Synod, the head of which, the Over Procurator of the Holy Synod, was one of the council of ministers and exercised very wide powers in ecclesiastical matters.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Empire#Religion





http://i.tfcdn.com/img2/nzzIQ2EAFcrbDUAwFABQMYUpenu14rGAMZqmSitFo1cwpo3wc75O3j59MdvThv1Weh3Uqck4mzJHFDsAv0zILKU7kSZvmNkW4AKBQyMbUWMJPqjxCOH6YVXJOcoKa-Xit-c4vQ**/fvUG-v8A.B
RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CROSS
http://www.thefind.com/jewelry/browse-russian-orthodox-cross-necklace

Russo-Turkish wars

The Russo-Turkish wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 20th centuries. It was one of the longest series of conflicts in European history.
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Russo-Turkish_wars
 
+  Among the causes for the disputes were Russia's desire for a trade route to the Mediterranean Sea; Ottoman abuses of Christians living in the empire; and the weakness of the Ottoman government, which encouraged European powers to whittle away at its empire.


     At the beginning of the 18th century, the Ottoman Empire ruled southeastern Europe to the borders of Austria and Hungary, and the Black Sea provinces of Crimea and Azov. In 1736 the Turks attacked Russia. Russian armies were victorious, but French diplomatic efforts helped the Ottoman Empire keep most of its territory when a peace treaty was signed in 1739. In 1769 the Turks encouraged the Crimean Tatars to raid southern Russia........
 http://history.howstuffworks.com/asian-history/russo-turkish-wars.htm


UPDATE March 5 2014.

+ And after World War I these empires disappeared:

 The Russian Empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917, the result of massive failures in its participation in the Great War. The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the USSR (an atheist state).

 The Ottoman Empire was at the centre of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for over six centuries. It was dissolved in the aftermath of World War I.

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COMMENT
+ Yes, The king of Persia was defeated by the Ottoman Empire armies and soldiers Mamelukes on the due date by Nostradamus.  But the christian  Russian Empire also wanted to move to the south and began the wars between the two empires to control the Balkans, Crimea, the Caucasus, Persia ........And after World War I these empires disappeared (and Russia was an atheist republic).

+ The Mamelukes or Mamluks are a disciplined caste of soldiers and administrators  of use to the Ottoman sultans (and especially powerful in Egypt). 

+ I Seeking an answer for "third ..... ARIES".

All the events seem true.
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future ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA IN PINK
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Bye from Spain
JSP

March 2, 2014
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DEUTERONOMY chapter 18, verse 21-22.